We have already laid out a list of the most popular motorcycles of our time on the blog. Now let’s talk about the development of motorsport and its history, more precisely, the ring. We found some interesting facts that few people remember today. Here to start at least from the time of the USSR. Very often, Soviet propaganda accused technical sports of being overly dependent on finances. This supposedly dictated inhuman conditions for the race, where people and equipment often died. Yes, money is needed for any development. You might think that the Soviet DOSAAF existed due to the passbook of Lenin and his accountant Nadi Krupskaya. Nothing like this! As soon as the motorcycle appeared, until the 1910-1920s, motorcycle racing was the only means of identifying technical and technological punctures in the design of a young vehicle. You need to understand that this is the first, but not the only task of highway-ring, and other types of motorcycle racing. This position, by the way, is relevant today. Today we will talk about the birth of the ring and MotoGP. Go?
So why do we need motorsport?
We would not know about the inverted fork, and about floating calipers, and about the difference between 2T and 4T, and about others a bunch of other chips that have become common in ordinary road bikes. If not for motorsport. And in the classic, most seemingly simple nodes, a good breakdown pops up only after a year or two of human operation. In infernal conditions of motorcycle racing, under enormous loads, a weak spot in the design manifests itself in a few hours. The same telescopic fork, foot-shift mechanism, Indiana and Harley front link forks all came from the world of road racing.
Let’s compare any sports bike of the 30s with the most modern serial bike – the technical characteristics (speed, cubic capacity, even power, compression ratio) are largely identical. It turns out that any sports motorcycle is a prototype of the future road vehicle. No more, no less. As soon as the divine roads appeared, there was a need for a reliable, high-speed and inexpensive vehicle. Run in new designs on the buyers of serial motorcycles is somehow inhumane. That is why, from simple entertainment and tote, motorcycle racing has become a powerful tool for the progress of motorcycle design in principle. So that.
Motorsport Start. The first kilometers of France
The royal class of motorcycle racing Grand Prix MotoGP, which is now more popular than any other type of motorsport – the most hyped and most funded and getting into this world is not easy. And now a little history: in fact, the very first race on a regular road was organized by the Automobile Club of France. It was in 1895. At a distance of 1200 (!) Km Paris-Bordeaux-Paris, there were already two motorcycles De Dion Bouton! Won the first. The average speed on the highway was 24 km / h. Then the task was simply to prove the expediency of the motorcycle as such and these two guys did it all.
Until 1903, all motorcycle races were already held by the French Motorcycle Club and Paris was invariably the start. According to the regulations, then a motorcycle was considered everything that weighs less than 200 kg, with two or three wheels. There were no differences in the volume and power of the engine then, and during the race it was possible to repair, tow, change parts and assemblies, just to get to the finish line.
From about 1903-1904, the organizers realized that it was necessary to classify equipment more strictly, especially since its number grew like mushrooms after a good rain. Nevertheless, the number of accidents increased in proportion to the amount of equipment. At this time, motorcycles were divided into two classes – motorcycles weighing up to 250 kg and motorcycles weighing up to 50 kg. However, the main achievement of the first decade of the twentieth century from the point of view of organizing races was a partial refusal to hold competitions on ordinary roads in favor of racing on a closed, isolated route.
For the first time, real highway races were held in Belgium in 1902 on the Circuit des Ardennes ring. At a distance of 170 km, the French De Dion won in the heavy motorcycle class, and the Frenchman, the light two-cylinder Clement, also won in the motorcycle class. By 1905, the average speeds on track 100-150 km races reached 100 km / h, and at longer distances (up to 300 km), some riders showed from 90 to 110 km / h.
Around the same time, the organizers, MCF, the French motorcycle club, began to introduce a classification for engine displacement. It already looked like a sane division of technology according to its design capabilities. True, the cubes at first counted only on the track, and on the highway – drive, no matter who hit. This is connected with this. At that time, cycling was actively developing and the number of cycle tracks in Europe was constantly growing. Since even then the speed of a sports bike seriously exceeded one hundred, there was a need for a powerful high-speed motorcycle and not just some, but a leading one. The leader’s motorcycle had a powerful engine and had to be faster great.
I can’t believe it, but the 1904 motorcycle, the French Sorensen, had a single-cylinder volume of 750 cubic meters, while it had a capacity of only 8 horses. And already in 1914, the 500 cc Rudge, built in England, had a capacity of 16 forces.
It was these motorcycles that took part in track races. This continued until the British seriously got their ears on – the predominance of the French on the catwalks did not allow them to sleep peacefully. And then appeared TT. Then the Japanese became ears … And this is the beginning of another era and a completely different story. We touched her a little in the pictures. And we offer to get acquainted with the great-grandfather of a motorcycle Marc Marquez – the first Honda at the Grand Prix. Yes Yes! History – it is! And now we invite you to get acquainted with the new Sokol Racetrack race track in Kazakhstan, which has no analogs in the CIS.